Freight Forwarding and Multimodal Transport Contracts




4.1 In carriage by rail within or to and from the UK, operators dedicated to the provision of transport services focused directly on the carriage of containers, swap bodies and trailers are to be found. The opportunity is taken here to provide a complete review of standard trading conditions used by some of the main operators. This enables certain contracts dedicated to this provision to be examined virtually in their totality and in so far as they include terms relevant to issues of liability for combined transport these are also included here. In carriage by sea container bills of lading and many waybills can be said to reflect contracts dedicated essentially to the carriage of containers etc. These are not examined to the same extent but certain conditions of distinct relevance to the carriage of the container, etc, are examined here. Terms of distinct relevance to combined transport in these forms have been absorbed into the previous chapter. In other areas of transport, such as road, one is less likely to come across a complete set of terms dedicated solely to container operations. Rather there will be a few terms included to take the possibility of such terms into account. An example of such a term taken from the RHA Conditions of Carriage is examined.

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